Cayme's castles

Phrase used by John Wyclif (after 1382 and during his exile in Oxford) to describe the great churches of the Franciscan friars. Cayme is a medieval form of *Cain, son of Adam, killer of his brother, Abel. The reason for the hostile epithet is that the *mendicant orders, the wandering brothers, were supposedly founded by Cain, a fugitive on the earth after Abel's murder. An acrostic poem plays on an alternate spelling, CAIM, beginning succeeding lines with Carmelite, *Augustinian, */acobin, *Minorite. This association between Cain and the friars emerged during the later part of the 14c.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cayme — A medieval spelling of Cain. Cf.Cayme s castles; Cain; Caymiticus …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Caymiticus — Fratricidal; derived from *Cayme. Cf. Cayme s castles Ceap. See Chap1 …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Acrostic — Poems in which the first or last letters of successive lines formed a word or phrase were popular in this period. The hiddenness of the acrostic gave it a didactic quality which accorded with an impulse which found more evident expression in the… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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